1. And so similarly it happened also to Nebuchadnezzar. For indeed after he began the eighteenth year, he set up the image, just as has been said in the book before this, and its dimensions3 were also made known. After the year with twelve months was fulfilled, his kingdom was taken away from him so that the dream which was seen by him was fulfilled and he who had captured others, himself became a fugitive, and he who punished the Hebrews in a strange land, even he was deservedly punished in a desolate land.
2. Just as Scripture instructs saying, “Then Daniel, who was Baltasar in name, was astounded for about one hour, and his thoughts confused him. And Baltasar answered and said, ‘Lord, let the dream be upon those who hate you and its interpretation upon your enemies. The tree which you saw, which grew great and strong, the height of which reached unto heaven and its trunk to all the earth and its leaves
flourished and its fruit was plentiful and the food in it was for all, under it dwelt the wild beasts and in its branches the birds of heaven sheltered, you are the tree, O king, because you have been magnified and made strong, and your magnificence has been magnified and has reached unto heaven and your
dominion to the limits of the earth. And because the king saw a watcher and a holy one descending from heaven who1 said, ‘Strip the tree and destroy it, except leave the stump of its roots in the earth, and in a bronze and iron bond and it shall lie2 outside in the grass and the dew of heaven and its portion shall be with the wild beasts, until seven seasons shall pass over it.’ This is its interpretation, O king, and the
judgment is of the Most High, which has come upon my lord the king. And they shall drive you from men and your dwelling shall be with the wild beasts, and they will feed you with grass as an ox, and you shall lie3 under the dew of heaven, and seven seasons shall pass over you, until you know that the Most High rules over the kingdom of men, and he shall give it to whomever he esteems. And when he said,
‘Leave the stump of the roots of the tree,’ your kingdom will remain for you, until4 you know the authority of heaven. On account of this, O king, let my counsel please you and redeem your sins in alms and your unrighteous deeds by pity on the poor. Perhaps he will be patient upon your trespasses.’ All these things came upon Nebuchadnezzar the king. After twelve months when he was walking in the temple of his kingdom in Babylon the king answered and said, ‘Is this Babylon not great, which I myself built as a house for my kingdom, for the rule of my strength, for the honor of my glory?’ While the word was still in the mouth of the king a voice from heaven rang out1, saying, ‘To you Nebuchadnezzar the king, your kingdom has passed from you and they shall banish you from men and your dwelling shall be with the wild beasts and they will feed you grass as an ox and seven seasons shall pass over you, until2 you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and he shall give it to whomever he esteems.’ In the same hour the word was accomplished upon Nebuchadnezzar and he was banished from men and ate grass as an ox and his body was bathed by the dew of heaven, until his hair grew like a lion’s and his nails became like a bird’s. And after the end of the days, I Nebuchadnezzar, lifted up my eyes to heaven and my wits returned to me and I blessed the Most High and praised and glorified him who lives forever, because his authority is an eternal authority and his kingdom is from generation to generation and all who dwell upon the earth are reckoned as nothing, and according to his will he does in the power of heaven and in the dwelling of the earth, and there is not one who shall stand against his hand and will say to him, ‘What have you done?’’”3