1. Then accordingly after the king heard the things concerning him he commanded Daniel to be brought and he said to him, “Are you Daniel who is from the sons of the captivity of Judea, whom my father Nebuchadnezzar brought? I have heard concerning you that you are able to interpret questions. And so now if you are able to read this writing and to make known its interpretation to me you shall be clothed in purple and a golden necklace shall be upon your neck and you shall be the third position4 in my kingdom.”5
2. But the blessed Daniel, not taking pleasure in earthly gifts nor being lifted up at kingly glory answered, “Let your gifts, O king, be to you and give the present of your house to another. But I shall read the writing and I shall make known the interpretation to you.”6
3. And in this way, having begun, he described to the king all the things which happened to his father in their order, and at the same time he thoroughly explained to him the things which happened, in order to cause1 him to understand not to brag, nor to be arrogant, but that one must be under the authority of God.
4. And so he said to him, “God Most High gave to Nebuchadnezzar your father the kingdom and the majesty and the honor and the glory. And from the majesty which was given to him all peoples, tribes, and tongues were trembling and fearing from his face. Whom he wished, he did away with and whom he wished he struck and whom he wished he exalted and whom he wished he humbled. And when his heart was lifted up and his spirit was determined to act arrogantly, he was thrown down from the throne of his kingdom and honor was taken from him. And he was banished from men and his heart was given with beasts and his dwelling with the wild asses, they fed him grass like an ox, and from the dew of heaven his body was bathed, until he knew that the Most High reigns over the kingdom of men and he shall give it to whomever he esteems.”2
5. And after saying these things he added the following, at once rebuking the king and not receiving his face so that having heard this the king3 would be afraid and so that he who committed trespasses might immediately recognize them.
6. And so it says, “And you his son, Belshazzar, you have not humbled your heart before God; do you not know all these things? And you have been exalted4 against the Lord God of heaven and have brought the vessels of his house before you and you and your magistrates and your mistresses and your concubines drank wine from them, and you have praised golden and silver and bronze and iron and wooden and stone gods, which do not see and which do not hear and which do not understand, and God, of whom your breath is in his hand and all your ways are as well, you have not glorified him. On account of this the fingers1 of a hand have been sent from his face and he ordered this writing: ‘Mane, Thekel, Fares.’ This is the interpretation of the phrase: ‘Mane,’ God has measured your kingdom and ended it2, ‘Thekel,’ it has been weighed in the balance and been found wanting, ‘Fares,’ your kingdom is divided and has been given to the Medes and Persians.”3